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Role of Disclosing Psychological Distress and Intention to Seek Counseling in the Relationship Between Attitude, Stigma and Working Alliance: A Conceptual Paper

Siti Nurafif Naim, Chua Bee Seok, Muhammad Idris Bullare @ Bahari, and Patricia Joseph Kimong

Volume : vol 6

Publication Date : 2022-12-31

Keywords : working alliance, intention to seek counseling, attitude, stigma, distress disclosure

Abstract : Various psychotherapeutic approaches have acknowledged the crucial component of working alliance in the helping relationship. Utilization of counseling service by university students is very low despite easy accessibility with minimal or no fees. Avoidance of counseling, even when a student may benefit from it, may lead to unattended psychological problems that are likely to affect their academic achievement. If a student does enter counseling, the counselor has an important role to ensure a strong working alliance in the relationship. The working alliance component is fundamental in the helping process to facilitate better life outcomes for clients. Ruptures in the working alliance may lead to reduced motivation to return to counseling. While attitude and stigma are known factors associated with counseling avoidance among university students in the Malaysian context, the three working alliance components based on Bordin’s (1979) working alliance conceptualization have not been adequately examined. The three components to the working alliance concept are as follows: (i) Goal; (ii) Task; and (iii) Bond. This conceptual paper discusses the working alliance and the role of distress disclosure and intention to seek counseling in the relationship between attitude and stigma amongst university students seeking professional psychological help in Malaysia. The Theory of Reasoned Action is the main theoretical framework referred in guiding the discussion of this conceptual paper.

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The editors and publisher of Journal of Psychology and Social Health have made every possible effort to verify the accuracy of all information contained in this publication. Any opinions, discussions, views, and recommendations expressed in the article are solely those of the authors and are not of Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors or its publisher. Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors and its publisher will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising there from.

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Penyebaran Berita Palsu dan Strategi Daya Tindak Mahasiswa Semasa Pandemik COVID-19

Nurul Asikin Samad dan Ida Shafinaz Mohamed Kamil

Volume : vol 6

Publication Date : 2022-12-31

Keywords : berita palsu, pandemik, COVID-19, infodemik, strategi daya tindak

Abstract : Infodemik merupakan istilah yang digunakan bagi menggambarkan informasi dan pandemik yang bergerak seiring dengan penyebaran fakta dan informasi. Berita palsu bukan lagi isu yang asing dalam komuniti dunia dan di negara Malaysia. Kajian ini dijalankan untuk mengukur impak penyebaran berita palsu dan strategi daya tindak mahasiswa Malaysia dalam berhadapan dengan pandemik terutamanya semasa pandemik COVID-19 yang mengganas di Malaysia. Hasil daripada sorotan kajian lepas di Malaysia, isu impak berita palsu adalah amat signifikan dengan masyarakat tetapi kajian tersebut hanya mengukur isu penyebaran berita palsu tanpa membuat perkaitan dengan isu semasa iaitu isu penyebaran berita palsu semasa pandemik COVID-19 di Malaysia. Dalam kajian ini, pengkaji menggunakan instrumen Impact Event Scale Revised (1997) dan Inventori Strategi Daya Tindak (CSI) bagi mengukur hubungan signifikan di antara impak berita palsu dan strategi daya tindak mahasiswa semasa pandemik COVID-19 di Malaysia. Responden yang terlibat dalam kajian ini adalah seramai 217 mahasiswa yang menuntut di peringkat pengajian tinggi di Malaysia. Hasil daripada dapatan kajian menyatakan bahawa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara impak penyebaran berita palsu dan strategi daya tindak mahasiswa semasa pandemik COVID-19. Malahan, “Penyelesaian Masalah” adalah moderator atau peramal terbaik yang digunakan oleh mahasiswa sebagai mekanisme pertahanan diri daripada isu berita palsu.

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The editors and publisher of Journal of Psychology and Social Health have made every possible effort to verify the accuracy of all information contained in this publication. Any opinions, discussions, views, and recommendations expressed in the article are solely those of the authors and are not of Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors or its publisher. Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors and its publisher will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising there from.

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Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21): Psychometric Analysis among Malaysian University Student during COVID-19 Pandemic

Kong Chean Min, Loo Hui Koon, Kassandra Aiman Binti Rahmat Effandi, Mak Jia Wei, Grace Lau Hui Siew, Jasmine Adela Mutang, and Chua Bee Seok

Volume : vol 6

Publication Date : 2022-12-31

Keywords : DASS-21, reliability, validity, psychometric properties

Abstract : The aim of this study is to test the psychometric properties of the 21-item Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21). The DASS-21 is a set of three self-report scales consisting of 21 items to measure the emotional states of depression, anxiety, and stress. A sample of 380 (256 female, 124 male) university students in Malaysia were randomly selected to participate in this study. The reliability of the DASS-21 was evaluated by measuring the internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha) reliability. The convergent, concurrent, and discriminant properties were examined to evaluate the validity of the scale. Item analysis was also performed through the item-total correlation approach. The reliability of the DASS-21 showed excellent Cronbach’s alpha values of .916 and .891 for the subscales of depression and anxiety respectively, while the stress subscale showed low reliability with Cronbach’s alpha value of .472. The convergent validity of the DASS-21 was tested by examining the relationship between the dimensions of the scale which have moderate to strong and positive correlations ranging from r = .561 to .777. The concurrent validity was assessed by examining the relationship between the three subscales of DASS-21 and the score of the Warwick- Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (WEMWBS) which showed negative and significant correlations ranging from r = -.377 to -.615. The discriminant validity was evaluated by factor analyzing items of DASS-21 and items of World Health Organization Quality of Life, WHOQOL- Bref (Field Trial Version). All items of DASS-21 were loaded in one component while the items of WHOQOL-Bref (Field Trial Version) were loaded in another component, except for 3 items. The item analysis showed that the item-total correlation coefficient for three subscales of DASS-21 exceeded the recommended value of .30, except for item 14. From this study, the DASS-21 showed a high reliability and validity score and can be used to assess and measure mental health states among university students in Malaysia during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, further studies are required to enhance the evidence of reliability and validity for the DASS-21 instrument .

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The editors and publisher of Journal of Psychology and Social Health have made every possible effort to verify the accuracy of all information contained in this publication. Any opinions, discussions, views, and recommendations expressed in the article are solely those of the authors and are not of Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors or its publisher. Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors and its publisher will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising there from.

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Kecerdasan Emosi Penyesuaian Diri Situasi Covid-19 Dalam Kalangan Wanita Berkerjaya di Universiti Malaysia Sabah

Laila Wati Madlan@Endalan, Alfred Chan Huan Zhi, NurFarhana Ardilla Aftar*, dan Norsimah Dasan

Volume : vol 6

Publication Date : 2022-12-31

Keywords : kecerdasan emosi, penyesuaian, ujian realiti, fleksibiliti, penyelesaian masalah

Abstract : Kecerdasan Emosi Sosial Model Bar-On mempunyai lima komponen utama iaitu komponen Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, Penyesuaian, Pengurusan Stres dan Mood Umum. Komponen Penyesuaian mempunyai tiga kemahiran iaitu Ujian Realiti, Fleksibiliti dan Penyelesaian Masalah. Rekabentuk kajian adalah Kuasi Eksperimen dengan seramai 11 orang kakitangan wanita yang berkeluarga terlibat dalam kajian ini. Soal selidik Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ;I) digunakan untuk mengukur objektif kajian ini. Hasil daripada kajian yang dilakukan secara perseorangan didapati terdapat perubahan skor di kalangan beberapa orang responden selepas intervensi. Namun analisis secara berkumpulan menunjukkan hasil yang tidak signifikan. Dapatan kajian yang selanjutnya dibincangkan dalam kertas kerja ini.

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The editors and publisher of Journal of Psychology and Social Health have made every possible effort to verify the accuracy of all information contained in this publication. Any opinions, discussions, views, and recommendations expressed in the article are solely those of the authors and are not of Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors or its publisher. Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors and its publisher will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising there from.

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Hubungan Antara Ketagihan Media Sosial Dengan Kepuasan Hidup Dan Emosi Dalam Kalangan Pelajar Universiti Di Malaysia

Affarizan Sidek, Ho Rina, Raziman Awi, Zulkarnain Mohammad, Muhammad Faiz Yusof

Volume : vol 6

Publication Date : 2022-12-31

Keywords : ketagihan media sosial, kepuasan hidup, emosi

Abstract : Penggunaan media sosial telah berkembang dengan pesat selepas revolusi penggunaan Internet menyebabkan lebih banyak penyelidikan dilakukan untuk melihat kuasa ketagihannya. Kemunculan media sosial ini sedikit sebanyak telah mengubah gaya hidup pelajar yang boleh mempengaruhi kepuasan hidup dan emosinya. Maka kajian ini dijalankan untuk mengenal pasti tahap ketagihan media sosial dalam kalangan pelajar universiti di Malaysia dan mengkaji hubungan antara ketagihan dengan kepuasan hidup dan emosi pelajar. Kajian ini dijalankan ke atas 275 orang pelajar universiti dan didapati bahawa tahap ketagihan pelajar universiti terhadap media sosial di peringkat ringan. Selain itu, kajian mendapati tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara ketagihan media sosial dan kepuasan hidup pelajar universiti. Namun dapatan kajian menunjukkan terdapat hubungan positif yang signifikan antara ketagihan media sosial dan emosi pelajar universiti. Ini menunjukkan bahawa media sosial seperti Facebook, Twitter dan Instagram berhubung kait dengan perkembangan emosi dalam kalangan pelajar universiti. Sehubungan dengan itu, langkah-langkah minimum perlu diambil untuk memastikan pelajar yang mempunyai masalah dengan ketagihan media sosial tidak berlarutan sehingga membawa kepada masalah gangguan emosi.

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DISCLAIMER

The editors and publisher of Journal of Psychology and Social Health have made every possible effort to verify the accuracy of all information contained in this publication. Any opinions, discussions, views, and recommendations expressed in the article are solely those of the authors and are not of Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors or its publisher. Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors and its publisher will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising there from.

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Berita Palsu Semasa Pandemik COVID-19: Tinjauan Dari Perspektif Perundangan

Ida Shafinaz Mohamed Kamil, Mohd Dahlan A. Malek

Volume : vol 5

Publication Date : 2021-12-15

Keywords : berita palsu, COVID-19, kesalahan jenayah, infodemik, pandemik

Abstract : Hari ini, seluruh dunia sedang menghadapi bencana yang dipanggil penyakit novel coronavirus yang dikenali sebagai COVID-19. Setakat Oktober 2021, telah dilaporkan bahawa lebih daripada 248 juta kes dan 5 juta kematian direkodkan di seluruh dunia. Di Malaysia, 2,466,663 kes direkodkan dengan 28,876 kematian dilaporkan pada 30 Oktober 2021. Malangnya, dunia bukan sahaja berhadapan dengan pandemik COVID-19, malah infodemik COVID-19 juga, di mana berita palsu tentang penyakit COVID-19 merebak dengan lebih cepat dan lebih meluas daripada virus itu sendiri. Penularan berita palsu semakin berleluasa menerusi pelbagai platfom media sosial yang menimbulkan kebimbangan dalam kalangan masyarakat. Ketidakpastian dalam memahami apa sebenarnya berita palsu telah menyebabkan kesukaran dan cabaran dalam menyediakan penyelesaian kepada bahaya yang ditimbulkan oleh berita palsu. Artikel ini membincangkan apa yang dikatakan berita palsu dan mengkaji rangka kerja undang-undang yang disediakan untuk memerangi berita palsu di Malaysia. Dengan menggunakan metodologi penyelidikan doktrinal, artikel ini menganalisis dengan teliti peruntukan undang-undang yang berkaitan di bawah Akta Komunikasi dan Multimedia 1998, dan Kanun Keseksaan serta Ordinan Darurat (Kuasa-Kuasa Perlu) (No.2) 2021 yang berkuat kuasa pada 12 Mac 2021 serta kes berkaitan, untuk kesalahan dan hukuman berhubung dengan berita palsu. Dapatan daripada analisis menunjukkan bahawa masih terdapat ruang untuk penambahbaikan dalam peruntukan undang-undang untuk mengawal berita palsu khususnya mengenai COVID- 19.

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DISCLAIMER

The editors and publisher of Journal of Psychology and Social Health have made every possible effort to verify the accuracy of all information contained in this publication. Any opinions, discussions, views, and recommendations expressed in the article are solely those of the authors and are not of Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors or its publisher. Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors and its publisher will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising there from.

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The Effect of Workforce Diversity on Job Performance among Private Sector Employees in Malaysia

Wong Ying Huan

Volume : vol 5

Publication Date : 2021-12-15

Keywords : workforce diversity, job performance, employees, private sector

Abstract : Workforce diversity has been gaining concern from organizations worldwide, as it is viewed as the foundation for innovation and creativity that can result in positive organizational outcomes such as excellent job performance. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the effect of workforce diversity (gender, age, ethnic and educational background diversity) on job performance among private sector employees in Malaysia. Workforce Diversity Scale (WDS) and Individual Work Performance Questionnaire (IWPQ) were used in the study. Data were collected using Google Form. Snowball sampling technique was applied in this quantitative cross-sectional study to recruit 260 private sector servants age 20 years old and above with at least one year work experience. Data analysis showed that all workforce diversity variables (gender, age and educational diversity) except for ethnic diversity significantly predicted job performance. Results indicated that it is essential for organizations to value the diversity among workforce and implement effective diversity management practices to ensure positive organizational outcomes.

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DISCLAIMER

The editors and publisher of Journal of Psychology and Social Health have made every possible effort to verify the accuracy of all information contained in this publication. Any opinions, discussions, views, and recommendations expressed in the article are solely those of the authors and are not of Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors or its publisher. Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors and its publisher will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising there from.

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Generalized Anxiety Among University Students

Nireisha Durai Raju, NurFarhana Ardillah Aftar

Volume : vol 5

Publication Date : 2021-12-15

Keywords : Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Gender, university student, CGPA, Generalized Axiety Disorder Scale-7 (GAD-7)

Abstract : Generalized anxiety disorder is an ongoing mental health disorder that gives rise to fear, continuous feeling of being overly concerned about everything in everyday life. The prevalence of generalized anxiety problems in youngsters who enrolled in university and colleges is quite higher among other adults. In terms of gender differences, females are twice or thrice as likely as males to experience generalized anxiety disorder. Thus, this study is carried out to determine GAD level among university students, to compare levels of GAD between male and female, as well as to determine correlation between generalized anxiety and CGPA. A total of 399 respondents participated in this study with 212 female and 187 male respondents. The data for this study is collected by using Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 scale. The results of this study revealed that generalized anxiety score is found high among female students compared to male students. Moreover, generalized anxiety negatively correlates with CGPA of students. In conclusion, GAD-7 score in this population is high in female students than in male students and there is a significant negative correlation between CGPA and generalized anxiety score. With this finding, parents, teachers, counsellors and other mental health professionals can hopefully have better insights regarding the likelihood of GAD among university students in terms of gender differences and academic performance.

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DISCLAIMER

The editors and publisher of Journal of Psychology and Social Health have made every possible effort to verify the accuracy of all information contained in this publication. Any opinions, discussions, views, and recommendations expressed in the article are solely those of the authors and are not of Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors or its publisher. Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors and its publisher will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising there from.

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Budaya Kebergantungan Terhadap Dana Kewangan Felda: Kajian Kes Pemimpin Belia Felda

Nik Hasrul Mohd Zainudin, Muhammad Idris Bullare @ Bahari

Volume : vol 5

Publication Date : 2021-12-15

Keywords : konsep kebergantungan, dana kewangan, belia, pemimpin belia, Felda

Abstract : Kajian ini adalah bertujuan untuk memahami budaya kebergantungan daripada perspektif pemimpin belia di tanah rancangan Felda. Kajian menggunakan kaedah kualitatif sebagai reka bentuk kajian menerusi kaedah temu bual. 11 orang pengerusi atau ketua yang mewakili 11 wilayah Felda yang dipilih sebagai responden kajian bagi memahami budaya kebergantungan belia di wilayah masing-masing. Berdasarkan hasil analisis temu bual yang dijalankan menemui terdapat tiga tema asas yang muncul iaitu budaya kebergantungan terhadap dana untuk menjalankan aktiviti belia, pemberian dana oleh pihak Felda untuk menjalankan aktiviti ekonomi dan program penjanaan pendapatan oleh Felda. Ketiga-tiga tema asas ini telah membentuk tema utama iaitu budaya kebergantungan pemimpin belia terhadap dana kewangan Felda. Budaya kebergantungan ini menyebabkan mereka sentiasa mengharapkan bantuan dana daripada Felda. Oleh yang demikian, bagi menjadikan belia sebagai peneraju tanah rancangan Felda, mereka perlu dipersiapkan untuk menjadi pelapis pada masa akan datang bagi membolehkan mereka membangunkan kelompok komuniti mereka di samping mengetengahkan cara lain untuk diberikan kepada mereka agar tidak terus mengamalkan budaya kebergantungan terhadap Felda.

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The editors and publisher of Journal of Psychology and Social Health have made every possible effort to verify the accuracy of all information contained in this publication. Any opinions, discussions, views, and recommendations expressed in the article are solely those of the authors and are not of Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors or its publisher. Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors and its publisher will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising there from.

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Penerimaan Masyarakat Terhadap Program Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia Dalam Membendung Aktiviti Merokok

Jamaludin Bakar, Ida Zaliza Zainol Abidin, Syed Ismail Syed Mohamad, Hamidah Binti Yusof

Volume : vol 5

Publication Date : 2021-12-15

Keywords : tadbir urus kerajaan, polisi dan dasar, rokok, ketagihan

Abstract : ‘Program Berhenti Merokok’ telah diwujudkan seawal tahun 1998 sebagai salah satu pendekatan pencegahan bagi membantu masyarakat mengatasi tabiat merokok. Selain daripada itu, pelbagai dasar dan polisi kerajaan telah diwujudkan selaras dengan kehendak World Health Organization (WHO) dalam mewujudkan persekitaran sihat telah mendorong pelbagai inisiatif dari pihak Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia (KKM) dalam mewartakan larangan merokok di seluruh negara agar langkah penguatkuasaan boleh dijalankan bagi membendung aktiviti merokok di tempat-tempat awam. Namun yang demikian, pelbagai reaksi masyarakat setempat dapat dilihat berkenaan inisiatif kerajaan dan KKM. Kertas konsep ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji sebab kurangnya penerimaan masyarakat Malaysia terhadap inisiatif KKM dalam membendung kegiatan merokok. Hasil kajian ini diharap dapat memperbudayakan tadbir urus dalam polisi dan dasar kerajaan agar lebih berkesan, berlandaskan kebertanggungjawaban dan ketelusan dalam semua faktor yang berkaitan.

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DISCLAIMER

The editors and publisher of Journal of Psychology and Social Health have made every possible effort to verify the accuracy of all information contained in this publication. Any opinions, discussions, views, and recommendations expressed in the article are solely those of the authors and are not of Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors or its publisher. Journal of Psychology and Social Health, its editors and its publisher will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, special, exemplary, or other damages arising there from.

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