Jurnal Psikologi dan Kesihatan Sosial merupakan jurnal yang merangkumi dua disiplin ilmu iaitu psikologi dan kesihatan sosial. Bidang psikologi merujuk kepada 56 divisions berdasarkan pengkategorian bidang psikologi oleh American Psychological Association (APA) antaranya Psikologi Positif, Psikologi Kesihatan, Psikologi Perkembangan, Psikologi Pendidikan, Psikologi Rehabilitasi, Psikologi Trauma, Psikologi Media dan Teknologi. Bidang Kesihatan Sosial pula seperti Kesejahteraan, Fungsi Sosial, Personaliti dan Kemahiran Sosial, Norma Sosial, Kesaksamaan, dan Modal Sosial. Jurnal ini diterbitkan sekali setahun iaitu pada bulan Disember tahun penerbitan. Bilangan terbitan jurnal iaitu sekali setahun merupakan kriteria minimum yang telah ditetapkan oleh Malaysian Citation Index (MyCites). Manuskrip diterbitkan dalam bahasa Melayu atau Inggeris.

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Universiti Malaysia Sabah
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List of Recent Articles

Pengurusan Emosi Akibat Kehilangan Ahli Keluarga Semasa Pandemik COVID-19

Marziana Akmal Abd Rahmah dan Mohd Dahlan A. Malek

Volume : vol 6

Publication Date : 2022-12-31 16:38:50

Keywords : Pengurusan emosi, kehilangan ahli keluarga, pandemik COVID-19

Download Hit : 152

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Abstract : Dunia telah dikejutkan dengan satu musibah yang besar iaitu pandemik COVID-19. Melalui statistik yang dikeluarkan oleh Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia sehingga 06 Januari 2021 seramai 125, 438 (3.59%) individu yang dijangkiti COVID-19 manakala seramai 513 individu yang menjadi korban kepada wabak ini. Manakala dunia pula telah mencatat lebih dari 42 juta kes di seluruh dunia dan angka kematian sehingga kini melebihi 1 juta orang. Di Malaysia, wabak COVID-19 telah memberi kesan yang sangat besar terutamanya kepada sistem politik, ekonomi, sosial, kesihatan, dan pendidikan negara. Bahkan impaknya juga turut melibatkan aspek emosi setiap individu. Rentetan penularan wabak tersebut, bermula 18 Mac 2020, kerajaan Malaysia telah mengumumkan pelaksanaan Perintah Kawalan Pergerakan (PKP). Pelaksanaan PKP bertujuan untuk membuat penjarakan sosial agar dapat memutuskan rantaian wabak. Namun begitu, pelaksanan PKP tersebut telah menjejaskan emosi hampir keseluruhan rakyat kerana sepanjang tempoh PKP ada yang tinggal berseorangan ataupun jauh dari keluarga dan tidak dapat bertemu dengan keluarga dalam masa yang agak panjang sedangkan waktu begini sokongan sesama keluarga amat diperlukan. Emosi mereka terjejas apabila ada pula ahli keluarga yang disahkan positif COVID-19, kematian akibat COVID-19 dan ahli keluarga tidak dapat menatap jenazah ahli keluarga mereka buat kali terakhir serta tidak dapat menguruskan pengebumian ahli keluarga yang meninggal akibat semasa (PKP). Perkara ini menambahkan lagi gangguan emosi mereka .Ini memerlukan pengurusan emosi yang efektif.


Investigating the interactional effects of socio- demographic factors and sleep quality on academic achievement among Malaysian undergraduate students

Mazni Mustapha, Thurgha A/P Ramasamy, and Noorma Razali

Volume : vol 6

Publication Date : 2022-12-31 16:35:56

Keywords : sleep quality, socio-demographic factors, Malaysian undergraduate students, academic performance

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Abstract : Sleep is one of the vital aspects of our life. Its importance however, often receives a lack of attention especially amongst university students who would commonly replace some hours of night sleep with alternative activities. Whilst most studies have reported that sleep disturbances could bring harm to a person’s life, there is still a lack of studies that examine the interaction effects of socio-demographic factors and sleep quality on academic achievement. Hence, this study aimed to identify: (1) the relationship between sleep quality and academic performance based on the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) of university students, (2) differences in the academic performance of these students based on their study programmes, year of study, gender, ethnicities and quality of sleep, and (3) the interaction effects of these demographic variables and quality of sleep on the students’ academic performance. A sample of 107 undergraduate students from a public university in Sabah, Malaysia, voluntarily participated in this study by completing a set of questionnaires. The results revealed a positive correlation between sleep quality and academic performance. Those who were ‘good- sleepers’ showed the tendency of low academic achievement when they reached senior year, whilst ‘poor-sleepers’ were more likely to have higher academic achievement at the later year of studying. The findings imply that having a ‘high quality of longer waking hours’ in fulfilling academic commitments is probably a worthwhile effort in maintaining good grades during the final year of studying. The findings support the social learning theory that a person could alter his behaviour in order to fit with the demands of the environment.


Role of Disclosing Psychological Distress and Intention to Seek Counseling in the Relationship Between Attitude, Stigma and Working Alliance: A Conceptual Paper

Siti Nurafif Naim, Chua Bee Seok, Muhammad Idris Bullare @ Bahari, and Patricia Joseph Kimong

Volume : vol 6

Publication Date : 2022-12-31 16:29:22

Keywords : working alliance, intention to seek counseling, attitude, stigma, distress disclosure

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Abstract : Various psychotherapeutic approaches have acknowledged the crucial component of working alliance in the helping relationship. Utilization of counseling service by university students is very low despite easy accessibility with minimal or no fees. Avoidance of counseling, even when a student may benefit from it, may lead to unattended psychological problems that are likely to affect their academic achievement. If a student does enter counseling, the counselor has an important role to ensure a strong working alliance in the relationship. The working alliance component is fundamental in the helping process to facilitate better life outcomes for clients. Ruptures in the working alliance may lead to reduced motivation to return to counseling. While attitude and stigma are known factors associated with counseling avoidance among university students in the Malaysian context, the three working alliance components based on Bordin’s (1979) working alliance conceptualization have not been adequately examined. The three components to the working alliance concept are as follows: (i) Goal; (ii) Task; and (iii) Bond. This conceptual paper discusses the working alliance and the role of distress disclosure and intention to seek counseling in the relationship between attitude and stigma amongst university students seeking professional psychological help in Malaysia. The Theory of Reasoned Action is the main theoretical framework referred in guiding the discussion of this conceptual paper.


Penyebaran Berita Palsu dan Strategi Daya Tindak Mahasiswa Semasa Pandemik COVID-19

Nurul Asikin Samad dan Ida Shafinaz Mohamed Kamil

Volume : vol 6

Publication Date : 2022-12-31 08:46:54

Keywords : berita palsu, pandemik, COVID-19, infodemik, strategi daya tindak

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Abstract : Infodemik merupakan istilah yang digunakan bagi menggambarkan informasi dan pandemik yang bergerak seiring dengan penyebaran fakta dan informasi. Berita palsu bukan lagi isu yang asing dalam komuniti dunia dan di negara Malaysia. Kajian ini dijalankan untuk mengukur impak penyebaran berita palsu dan strategi daya tindak mahasiswa Malaysia dalam berhadapan dengan pandemik terutamanya semasa pandemik COVID-19 yang mengganas di Malaysia. Hasil daripada sorotan kajian lepas di Malaysia, isu impak berita palsu adalah amat signifikan dengan masyarakat tetapi kajian tersebut hanya mengukur isu penyebaran berita palsu tanpa membuat perkaitan dengan isu semasa iaitu isu penyebaran berita palsu semasa pandemik COVID-19 di Malaysia. Dalam kajian ini, pengkaji menggunakan instrumen Impact Event Scale Revised (1997) dan Inventori Strategi Daya Tindak (CSI) bagi mengukur hubungan signifikan di antara impak berita palsu dan strategi daya tindak mahasiswa semasa pandemik COVID-19 di Malaysia. Responden yang terlibat dalam kajian ini adalah seramai 217 mahasiswa yang menuntut di peringkat pengajian tinggi di Malaysia. Hasil daripada dapatan kajian menyatakan bahawa terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara impak penyebaran berita palsu dan strategi daya tindak mahasiswa semasa pandemik COVID-19. Malahan, “Penyelesaian Masalah” adalah moderator atau peramal terbaik yang digunakan oleh mahasiswa sebagai mekanisme pertahanan diri daripada isu berita palsu.


Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21): Psychometric Analysis among Malaysian University Student during COVID-19 Pandemic

Kong Chean Min, Loo Hui Koon, Kassandra Aiman Binti Rahmat Effandi, Mak Jia Wei, Grace Lau Hui Siew, Jasmine Adela Mutang, and Chua Bee Seok

Volume : vol 6

Publication Date : 2022-12-31 08:44:32

Keywords : DASS-21, reliability, validity, psychometric properties

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Abstract : The aim of this study is to test the psychometric properties of the 21-item Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21). The DASS-21 is a set of three self-report scales consisting of 21 items to measure the emotional states of depression, anxiety, and stress. A sample of 380 (256 female, 124 male) university students in Malaysia were randomly selected to participate in this study. The reliability of the DASS-21 was evaluated by measuring the internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha) reliability. The convergent, concurrent, and discriminant properties were examined to evaluate the validity of the scale. Item analysis was also performed through the item-total correlation approach. The reliability of the DASS-21 showed excellent Cronbach’s alpha values of .916 and .891 for the subscales of depression and anxiety respectively, while the stress subscale showed low reliability with Cronbach’s alpha value of .472. The convergent validity of the DASS-21 was tested by examining the relationship between the dimensions of the scale which have moderate to strong and positive correlations ranging from r = .561 to .777. The concurrent validity was assessed by examining the relationship between the three subscales of DASS-21 and the score of the Warwick- Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale (WEMWBS) which showed negative and significant correlations ranging from r = -.377 to -.615. The discriminant validity was evaluated by factor analyzing items of DASS-21 and items of World Health Organization Quality of Life, WHOQOL- Bref (Field Trial Version). All items of DASS-21 were loaded in one component while the items of WHOQOL-Bref (Field Trial Version) were loaded in another component, except for 3 items. The item analysis showed that the item-total correlation coefficient for three subscales of DASS-21 exceeded the recommended value of .30, except for item 14. From this study, the DASS-21 showed a high reliability and validity score and can be used to assess and measure mental health states among university students in Malaysia during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, further studies are required to enhance the evidence of reliability and validity for the DASS-21 instrument .


Kecerdasan Emosi Penyesuaian Diri Situasi Covid-19 Dalam Kalangan Wanita Berkerjaya di Universiti Malaysia Sabah

Laila Wati Madlan@Endalan, Alfred Chan Huan Zhi, NurFarhana Ardilla Aftar*, dan Norsimah Dasan

Volume : vol 6

Publication Date : 2022-12-31 08:41:23

Keywords : kecerdasan emosi, penyesuaian, ujian realiti, fleksibiliti, penyelesaian masalah

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Abstract : Kecerdasan Emosi Sosial Model Bar-On mempunyai lima komponen utama iaitu komponen Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, Penyesuaian, Pengurusan Stres dan Mood Umum. Komponen Penyesuaian mempunyai tiga kemahiran iaitu Ujian Realiti, Fleksibiliti dan Penyelesaian Masalah. Rekabentuk kajian adalah Kuasi Eksperimen dengan seramai 11 orang kakitangan wanita yang berkeluarga terlibat dalam kajian ini. Soal selidik Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ;I) digunakan untuk mengukur objektif kajian ini. Hasil daripada kajian yang dilakukan secara perseorangan didapati terdapat perubahan skor di kalangan beberapa orang responden selepas intervensi. Namun analisis secara berkumpulan menunjukkan hasil yang tidak signifikan. Dapatan kajian yang selanjutnya dibincangkan dalam kertas kerja ini.


Hubungan Antara Ketagihan Media Sosial Dengan Kepuasan Hidup Dan Emosi Dalam Kalangan Pelajar Universiti Di Malaysia

Affarizan Sidek, Ho Rina, Raziman Awi, Zulkarnain Mohammad, Muhammad Faiz Yusof

Volume : vol 6

Publication Date : 2022-12-31 08:37:32

Keywords : ketagihan media sosial, kepuasan hidup, emosi

Download Hit : 58

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Abstract : Penggunaan media sosial telah berkembang dengan pesat selepas revolusi penggunaan Internet menyebabkan lebih banyak penyelidikan dilakukan untuk melihat kuasa ketagihannya. Kemunculan media sosial ini sedikit sebanyak telah mengubah gaya hidup pelajar yang boleh mempengaruhi kepuasan hidup dan emosinya. Maka kajian ini dijalankan untuk mengenal pasti tahap ketagihan media sosial dalam kalangan pelajar universiti di Malaysia dan mengkaji hubungan antara ketagihan dengan kepuasan hidup dan emosi pelajar. Kajian ini dijalankan ke atas 275 orang pelajar universiti dan didapati bahawa tahap ketagihan pelajar universiti terhadap media sosial di peringkat ringan. Selain itu, kajian mendapati tidak terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara ketagihan media sosial dan kepuasan hidup pelajar universiti. Namun dapatan kajian menunjukkan terdapat hubungan positif yang signifikan antara ketagihan media sosial dan emosi pelajar universiti. Ini menunjukkan bahawa media sosial seperti Facebook, Twitter dan Instagram berhubung kait dengan perkembangan emosi dalam kalangan pelajar universiti. Sehubungan dengan itu, langkah-langkah minimum perlu diambil untuk memastikan pelajar yang mempunyai masalah dengan ketagihan media sosial tidak berlarutan sehingga membawa kepada masalah gangguan emosi.


Berita Palsu Semasa Pandemik COVID-19: Tinjauan Dari Perspektif Perundangan

Ida Shafinaz Mohamed Kamil, Mohd Dahlan A. Malek

Volume : vol 5

Publication Date : 2021-12-15 20:47:50

Keywords : berita palsu, COVID-19, kesalahan jenayah, infodemik, pandemik

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Abstract : Hari ini, seluruh dunia sedang menghadapi bencana yang dipanggil penyakit novel coronavirus yang dikenali sebagai COVID-19. Setakat Oktober 2021, telah dilaporkan bahawa lebih daripada 248 juta kes dan 5 juta kematian direkodkan di seluruh dunia. Di Malaysia, 2,466,663 kes direkodkan dengan 28,876 kematian dilaporkan pada 30 Oktober 2021. Malangnya, dunia bukan sahaja berhadapan dengan pandemik COVID-19, malah infodemik COVID-19 juga, di mana berita palsu tentang penyakit COVID-19 merebak dengan lebih cepat dan lebih meluas daripada virus itu sendiri. Penularan berita palsu semakin berleluasa menerusi pelbagai platfom media sosial yang menimbulkan kebimbangan dalam kalangan masyarakat. Ketidakpastian dalam memahami apa sebenarnya berita palsu telah menyebabkan kesukaran dan cabaran dalam menyediakan penyelesaian kepada bahaya yang ditimbulkan oleh berita palsu. Artikel ini membincangkan apa yang dikatakan berita palsu dan mengkaji rangka kerja undang-undang yang disediakan untuk memerangi berita palsu di Malaysia. Dengan menggunakan metodologi penyelidikan doktrinal, artikel ini menganalisis dengan teliti peruntukan undang-undang yang berkaitan di bawah Akta Komunikasi dan Multimedia 1998, dan Kanun Keseksaan serta Ordinan Darurat (Kuasa-Kuasa Perlu) (No.2) 2021 yang berkuat kuasa pada 12 Mac 2021 serta kes berkaitan, untuk kesalahan dan hukuman berhubung dengan berita palsu. Dapatan daripada analisis menunjukkan bahawa masih terdapat ruang untuk penambahbaikan dalam peruntukan undang-undang untuk mengawal berita palsu khususnya mengenai COVID- 19.


The Effect of Workforce Diversity on Job Performance among Private Sector Employees in Malaysia

Wong Ying Huan

Volume : vol 5

Publication Date : 2021-12-15 20:46:13

Keywords : workforce diversity, job performance, employees, private sector

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Abstract : Workforce diversity has been gaining concern from organizations worldwide, as it is viewed as the foundation for innovation and creativity that can result in positive organizational outcomes such as excellent job performance. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the effect of workforce diversity (gender, age, ethnic and educational background diversity) on job performance among private sector employees in Malaysia. Workforce Diversity Scale (WDS) and Individual Work Performance Questionnaire (IWPQ) were used in the study. Data were collected using Google Form. Snowball sampling technique was applied in this quantitative cross-sectional study to recruit 260 private sector servants age 20 years old and above with at least one year work experience. Data analysis showed that all workforce diversity variables (gender, age and educational diversity) except for ethnic diversity significantly predicted job performance. Results indicated that it is essential for organizations to value the diversity among workforce and implement effective diversity management practices to ensure positive organizational outcomes.


Generalized Anxiety Among University Students

Nireisha Durai Raju, NurFarhana Ardillah Aftar

Volume : vol 5

Publication Date : 2021-12-15 20:38:25

Keywords : Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Gender, university student, CGPA, Generalized Axiety Disorder Scale-7 (GAD-7)

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Abstract : Generalized anxiety disorder is an ongoing mental health disorder that gives rise to fear, continuous feeling of being overly concerned about everything in everyday life. The prevalence of generalized anxiety problems in youngsters who enrolled in university and colleges is quite higher among other adults. In terms of gender differences, females are twice or thrice as likely as males to experience generalized anxiety disorder. Thus, this study is carried out to determine GAD level among university students, to compare levels of GAD between male and female, as well as to determine correlation between generalized anxiety and CGPA. A total of 399 respondents participated in this study with 212 female and 187 male respondents. The data for this study is collected by using Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 scale. The results of this study revealed that generalized anxiety score is found high among female students compared to male students. Moreover, generalized anxiety negatively correlates with CGPA of students. In conclusion, GAD-7 score in this population is high in female students than in male students and there is a significant negative correlation between CGPA and generalized anxiety score. With this finding, parents, teachers, counsellors and other mental health professionals can hopefully have better insights regarding the likelihood of GAD among university students in terms of gender differences and academic performance.